If you forgot, or if you simply just didn’t knew, the definition of Nuclear Energy is pretty simple. Nuclear Energy can be found in the nucleus of an atom.
What are Atoms you might ask? Well atoms are the smallest particles that can break a material. At the core of each atom there are two types of particles (neutrons and protons) that are held together. Nuclear energy is the energy that holds neutrons and protons.
I know that many of you still think that Nuclear Energy is bad and that is dangerous and all that. But like all things in our life , nothing is perfect. Nothing is 100% good, there must be a downside , or we wouldn’t have balance.
Advantages of Nuclear Energy are multiple. The main advantage is of course cheaper electricity. Electricity can be obtained in two ways from Nuclear Energy: Nuclear Fusion and Nuclear Fission.
For Nuclear Fusion to be able to take place, energy is released only when atoms are combined or so to say, fused together in order to create a larger atom. Nuclear Fusion is also the same energy that The Sun produces.
On the opposite side is the Nuclear Fission because what is happening here is almost the same process but reversed. What I mean by that is the actually the atoms are split in smaller atoms in order to create fission.
In fact nuclear power plants only create electricity from fission.
To be more precise when one of these two processes takes place atoms experiment a slight loss of mass which generates a huge amount of heat energy. This event was very well explained by Albert Einstein with his famous equation E = mc2.
In conformity with NEI (Nuclear Energy Institute) as of May 2016, 30 countries worldwide are operating 444 nuclear reactors for electricity generation and 63 new nuclear plants are under construction in 15 countries. Nuclear power plants provided 10.9 percent of the world’s electricity production in 2012. Most of the countries that operates Nuclear Plants are Europe, Northern America, East Asia and South Asia.
France has the most important share of electricity generated through nuclear energy. China has the quickest developing nuclear power program with 28 new reactors under construction, and a significant quantity of new reactors are also being constructed in India, Russia and South Korea. At the same time, at least one hundred older and smaller reactors will “most likely be closed over the following 10–15 years.
As of 2011, countries such as Australia, Austria, Denmark, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Malaysia, Malta, New Zealand, Norway, Philippines, and Portugal have no nuclear power stations and remain opposed to them.
Canadian Bruce Nuclear Generating Station is the largest nuclear power plant in the world as we speak.
There are still countries that would like to have them and countries as stated before that don’t want them around. I think we are at a time when we can manage such challenges and that we are able to use them the right way.
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